"Hi", "Hello", "Good Morning", "How
are you?" and "How are you doing?" are the most common
things to say when you see someone you know.
When people say "How are you?" or "How are you doing?"
to you, you can reply "Good" or "I'm fine".
Or you can simply ask back "How are you?" People do not
always expect an answer for these.
It sounds much better if you can add the other person's first name
in there. "Good morning, Jim" sounds very personal and
close. It's very powerful to use first names in your conversation.
You will notice that American use the first name of the listener
But for people who are high up, it may not be appropriate for you
to use their firstn names. To be on the safe side, you can start
by being conservative. For example, you can say "Good morning,
Dr. Smith" instead of "Good morning, John" when you
see Prof. John Smith. Sometimes the other person may say "Just
call me John" which means from then on you can simply call
him by first name.
The most informal way of saying hello is "What's up?"
It's very popular among young Americans. The easiest answer is "Not
much." Again a lot of times "What's up" may not really
demand an answer.
Another interesting part of American names is nick names. For many
first names, there are some standard nick names (see table below
for examples. F=Female. M=Male.). However, it's up to each person
to decide whether they want to be called by a nick name. Sometimes,
if you are not sure, you can ask "Do you go by Robert, or Bob,
or else?" Accasionally, people go by their middle names.
||Beth, Betty, Liz, Lisa, Liza
||Bill, Billy, Will
Below is a list of common acronyms in e-mails:
||Be right back
||By the way
||See you later
||Face to face
||For what it's worth
||For your amusement
||For your information
||Grinning, ducking, and rumming
||Great minds think alike
||Ha Ha only kidding
||In my humble opinion
||In other ways
||Laughing out loud
||Oh, by the way
||Oh, I see
||Rolling on the floor laughing
||Significant other (spouse, girlfriend/boyfriend)
||Thanks in advance
||With respect to
||Way to go